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Birds, large, small and colorful, fulfill the enjoyment of summer

Many species have settled into the nesting season and many others already have fledglings and chicks on the ground.

While indigo buntings range across much of the eastern and southern United States, they can be found in North Dakota and Minnesota as well.
Contributed / Seth Owens
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I’m not sure how it's possible for summer days to feel endless yet so limited and finite. We have gone entirely through June and midway through July! From a birding and photography standpoint, June was the beginning of the summer lull. Many species have settled into the nesting season and many others already have fledglings and chicks on the ground. Even though the birding is slow, I’ll take any excuse to get outside. Fireworks on the Fourth are not the only thing that bring color to the skies.

Indigo bunting (Passerina cyanea) - Ft. Abraham Lincoln State Park, N.D. - Wild

There are birds for nearly every shade of the rainbow, but this vibrant songbird takes the cake for the “I” of ROYGBIV. Indigo buntings are relatives of the scarlet northern cardinal. Indigo buntings range across much of the eastern and southern United States. They are a welcome resident to the scrubland, woodland edges and river corridors of North Dakota, Minnesota and beyond.

The lazuli bunting is incredibly similar to the indigo bunting but are easily distinguished.
Contributed / Seth Owens

Lazuli bunting (Passerina amoena) - Ft. Abraham Lincoln State Park, N.D. - Wild

I know what you are thinking … no, the lazuli bunting is not just an indigo bunting putting on its best robin impression. Lazuli buntings and indigo buntings are somewhat like fraternal twins. They are incredibly similar but are easily distinguished. The lazuli bunting’s eastern reaches form the western barriers for indigo bunting. The Missouri River corridors do act somewhat as a bunting buffer zone and hybrids are not unlikely.


Chukar (Alectoris chukar) - Emmons County, N.D. - Wildish?

Chukars are a popular ornamental bird.
Contributed / Seth Owens

What a goofy-looking little gamebird. Maybe it’s the black ninja-like mask across its eyes or the semi-awkward pose, but they just seem strange. It could be the fact that they don’t belong at all!

Chukars are native to central Asia. Like the ring-necked pheasant and Hungarian/grey partridge, Chukars were imported and released as a game fowl into many areas around the world. They are a popular ornamental bird too, and it’s not unusual to find escapees like this one. Maybe the mask is actually to hide his identity from his owner?

Great blue herons can have wingspans more than 6 feet.
Contributed / Seth Owens

Great blue heron (Ardea herodias) - Lake Oahe Tailrace, S.D. - Wild

My photos always seem to return to the water. Maybe its the chance for a reflection or the way water attracts a variety of species. I sure do love that brilliant blue. I note how unoriginal bird names are, and the great blue heron still follows that trend. The blue is easy to see, but it’s important to understand how "great" this bird is. With a height of 3.2 to 4.5 feet and a wingspan of 5.5 to 6.6 feet, it sure is great.

Wilson’s phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) - McKenzie Slough, N.D. - Wild

Wilson’s phalarope are a unique bird as the females leave the raising of her young to the males.
Contributed / Seth Owens

Wetland ecosystems are able to hold a vast variety of species ranging in size from the largest heron to the smallest shorebird. This Wilson’s phalarope is certainly on the small side of the spectrum, but what it lacks in size, it sure doesn’t lack in beauty.

These little shorebirds turn the tables on traditional bird roles. After laying eggs, the colorful female leaves the babysitting to the drab male. It’s pretty unique.

Piping Plover (2).jpg
Much of their population perils of the piping plover are due to the loss of sand/gravel nesting habitat, predation and heavy human disturbance.
Contributed / Seth Owens


Piping plover (Charadrius melodus) - North Dakota - Wild

The final bird for this article is one that has recently become my favorite, the piping plover. I have an extremely unique privilege to work with these beautiful birds firsthand. With the countless hours on nesting habitats, I have developed a very strong appreciation and love for these birds.

The first reference I found to house finches in the Herald’s online archive was in 1989, when Milt Sather called about a house finch he’d seen in Greenbush, Minn. The column about the sighting was printed Nov. 2 that year.
The endangered birds are expected to fly through North Dakota over the next few weeks as they migrate from Canada to Texas.
The flicker is a woodpecker, but it has its own habits, some of them quite different than those of its woodpecker relatives.
From hawk-shooting hotspot to hilltop birdwatching reserve, the 50th anniversary celebrates conservation victory.
We saw two-thirds of the North Dakota's heron species within minutes of starting the walk. The third, which we didn't see, is the black-crowned night heron.
Margaret Rogal, author of “Field Notes,” is the great-grandniece of Elmer Judd, North Dakota’s greatest birdman.
I have been lucky to take advantage of this migration and have spent many hours bellied out on the shoreline targeting the numerous species of shorebirds that have taken a recess and a lunch break on the many potholes and sloughs of North Dakota.
“Feathers serve two primary functions: thermoregulation and flight,” David Cavagnaro wrote.
In some ways, the merlin is a smaller version of the peregrine. Both are falcons.
The martin is the largest member of the swallow family. Like the barn swallow, it is a luminescent purple in color, but it lacks the salmon and buff trim that marks barn swallows.

As of 2015, the North Dakota Game and Fish Department lists piping plovers as a Level II species of conservation concern in the Great Plains, meaning they are likely to become endangered, but unlikely to go extinct in the near future. Much of their population perils are due to the loss of sand/gravel nesting habitat, predation and heavy human disturbance. Though they may not be large, they made an impact on me, and I hope they make an impact on you too. I’m happy to answer questions about any of the birds discussed today, but I could talk for days about the piping plover.

Please reach out and ask questions on my Facebook or Instagram .

Though July entered with a bang (pun intended), there is still plenty of opportunity out there. As I mentioned in the May reflection, take special care for the young birds that are leaving the nest and taking their first steps on wobbly legs. The birds need all the help they can get.

For the rest of this month, I will continue to search the prairies and potholes for the beautiful creatures that call our shared landscapes home.

Seth Owens is a birdwatcher and photographer in Grand Forks and a frequent contributor to Northland Outdoors.

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