OBIT: Jane Russell, 89, Bemidji-born star of '40s and '50s films

LOS ANGELES -- Jane Russell, born in Bemidji to become the busty brunette who shot to fame as the sexy star of Howard Hughes' 1941 Western "The Outlaw," died Monday of respiratory failure, her family said. She was 89.

Jane Russell, in a 1940s publicity still
In this file handout photo, Jane Russell is shown in a scene from the movie "The Outlaw." A family member on Monday, Feb. 28, 2011 said Russell, stunning star of 1940s and 1950s films, has died at age 89. (AP File Photo) NO SALES

LOS ANGELES -- Jane Russell, born in Bemidji to become the busty brunette who shot to fame as the sexy star of Howard Hughes' 1941 Western "The Outlaw," died Monday of respiratory failure, her family said. She was 89.

Although Russell made only a handful of films after the 1960s, she had remained active in her church, with charitable organizations and with a local singing group until her health began to decline just a couple weeks ago, said her daughter-in-law, Etta Waterfield. She died at her home in Santa Maria.

"She always said I'm going to die in the saddle, I'm not going to sit at home and become an old woman," Waterfield told The Associated Press. "And that's exactly what she did, she died in the saddle."

Russell spent time in Grand Forks as a 10-year-old girl, visiting cousins who lived in a stately home at 504 Reeves Drive. In marketing the house recently, owners placed a movie poster featuring a grown-up Russell in one of the upstairs bedrooms.

Gustav Jacobi, who had the Queen Anne variant built in 1901, owned a bank in East Grand Forks and a cabin on Lake Bemidji. His six children included Geraldine, mother of Jane Russell.


In a 2002 visit to Bemidji, joined by cousins Bud Jacobi of Grand Forks and Judy Jacobi of Bemidji, Russell reminisced about her youthful escapades in the area. She was born in the Lake Bemidji cabin, said to be one of the first cabins built on the lake, in 1921. Her parents had been living in Canada but went to Bemidji for the birth to make sure Jane was born an American citizen, according to a biography posted on the Internet.

Hughes, the eccentric billionaire, put her onto the path to stardom when he cast her in "The Outlaw," a film he fought with censors for nearly a decade to get into wide release.

With her sultry look and glowing sexuality, Russell became a star before she was ever seen by a wide movie audience. The Hughes publicity mill ground out photos of the beauty in low-cut costumes and swim suits, and she became famous, especially as a pinup for World War II GIs.

By that time she had become a box-office star by starring with Bob Hope in the 1948 hit comedy-Western "The Paleface."

Although her look and her hourglass figure made her the subject of numerous nightclub jokes, unlike Monroe, Rita Hayworth and other pinup queens of the era, Russell was untouched by scandal in her personal life. During her Hollywood career she was married to star UCLA and pro football quarterback Bob Waterfield.

"The Outlaw," although it established her reputation, was beset with trouble from the beginning. Director Howard Hawks, one of Hollywood's most eminent and autocratic filmmakers, rankled under producer Hughes' constant suggestions and finally walked out.

"Hughes directed the whole picture -- for nine bloody months!" Russell said in 1999.

The film's rambling, fictional plot featured Russell as a friend of Billy the Kid as he tussles with Doc Holliday and Sheriff Pat Garrett.


It had scattered brief runs in the 1940s, earning scathing reviews. The Los Angeles Times called it "one of the weirdest Western pictures that ever unreeled before the public." Another release in 1950 drew more poor reviews and mediocre business.

But Hughes bought the ailing RKO studio in 1948, and he devoted special care to his No. 1 star, using his engineering skills to design Russell a special brassiere (she said she never wore it.) That year she made her most successful film, a loanout to Paramount for "The Paleface."

But at RKO she was cast in a series of potboilers such as "His Kind of Woman" (with Robert Mitchum), "Double Dynamite" (Frank Sinatra, Groucho Marx), "The Las Vegas Story" (Victor Mature) and "Macao" (Mitchum again).

Hughes had rewarded her with a unique 20-year contract paying $1,000 a week, then he sold RKO and quit making movies. Russell continued receiving the weekly fee, but never made another film for Hughes.

Her only other notable film was "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes," a 1953 musical based on the novel by Anita Loos. She and Monroe teamed up to sing "Two Little Girls From Little Rock" and seek romance in Paris.

At a 2001 film festival appearance, Russell noted that Monroe was five years younger, saying, "It was like working with a little sister."

She followed that up with the 1954 musical "The French Line," which like "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" has her cavorting on an ocean liner. The film was shot in 3-D, and the promotional campaign for it proclaimed "J.R. in 3D. Need we say more?"

In 1955, she made the sequel "Gentlemen Marry Brunettes" (without Monroe) and starred in the Westerns "The Tall Men," with Clark Gable, and "Foxfire," with Jeff Chandler. But by the 1960s, her film career had faded.


"Why did I quit movies?" she remarked in 1999. "Because I was getting too old! You couldn't go on acting in those years if you were an actress over 30."

She continued to appear in nightclubs, television and musical theater, including a stint on Broadway in Stephen Sondheim's "Company." She formed a singing group with Connie Haines and Beryl Davis, and they made records of gospel songs.

She was born Ernestine Jane Geraldine Russell on June 21, 1921, in Bemidji, Minn., and the family later moved to the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles. Her mother was a lay preacher, and she encouraged the family to build a chapel in their back yard.

In a 2009 interview with Christianity Today magazine, Russell was asked about her faith.

"I gave my heart to the Lord when I was five. And my mother, who had been a stage actress, became one of the best Bible teachers I ever heard. I had four brothers, and we heard a Bible story every day. Things happened later in my life where I thought I knew what I was going to do, but instead, these things happened--I call them the Lord's accidents. They're not accidents to him at all, he's got it all planned, but it turns you around and you're doing something you didn't think you were going to."

Despite her mother's Christian preachings, young Jane had a wild side. She wrote in her 1985 autobiography, "My Paths and Detours," that during high school she had a back-alley abortion, which may have rendered her unable to bear children.

Her early ambition was to design clothes and houses, but that was postponed until her later years. While working as a receptionist, she was spotted by a movie agent who submitted her photos to Hughes, and she was summoned for a test with Hawks, who was to direct "The Outlaw."

"There were a lot of other unknowns who were being tested that day," she recalled in a 1999 Associated Press interview. "I figured Jack Beutel was going to be chosen to play Billy the Kid, so I insisted on being tested with him."


Both were cast, and three months would pass before she met Hughes. The producer was famous for dating his discoveries as well as numerous Hollywood actresses, but his contract with Russell remained strictly business. Her engagement and 1943 marriage to Waterfield assured that.

Christianity Today's reporter asked her if church people ever confronted her about her sultry movie image.

"Well, we never belonged to a denomination. It was always Bible, Bible, Bible. And the fact that my mother had been an actress was very helpful. She knew that acting was not of the devil, which some of the churches thought. You weren't supposed to go to movies, in some churches, and we never belonged to one, and my mom knew better. So fortunately, I was not invited out of a church."

She talked about becoming a leader of the "Hollywood Christian Group," that came out of First Presbyterian Church in Hollywood, an effort led by famed Bible teacher Henrietta Mears and included many prominent Los Angeles leaders.

"(Mears) said 'I want the president of USC and the president of UCLA in my Bible class,' and she got them both, and then the kids from both of those universities were coming together, even if it was just the boys checking out the girls and vice versa. But she ended up with about five ministers that came out of that group."

After experiencing problems in adopting her three children, she founded World Adoption International Agency (WAIF), which has helped facilitate adoptions of more than 50,000 children from overseas.

She made hundreds of appearances for WAIF and served on the board for 40 years.

For many years she served as TV spokeswoman for Playtex bras.


As she related in "My Path and Detours," Russell's life was marked by heartache. At 19, she was unmarried and pregnant and had an abortion that nearly killed her and that she later regretted. Russell for decades was a pro-life advocate.

Her 24-year marriage to Waterfield ended in bitter divorce in 1968 (they had adopted sons Thomas and Robert, and daughter Tracy.)

That year she married actor Roger Barrett; three months later he died of a heart attack. In 1978 she married developer John Peoples, and they lived in Sedona, Ariz., and later, Santa Barbara. He died in 1999 of heart failure.

Over the years Russell was also beset by alcoholism.

Always she had been able to rebound from troubles by relying on lessons she learned from her Bible-preaching mother.

"Without faith, I never would have made it," she commented a few months after her third husband's death. "I don't know how people can survive all the disasters in their lives if they don't have any faith, if they don't know the Lord loves them and cares about them and has another plan."

Frank Deford, in a 1985 interview with Russell for People magazine, caught the tension between her spiritual and screen lives.

"The Pharisees have, through the years, railed at her that she would presume to be a Christian, that she would sing gospel and quote Scripture, even as she titillated and tantalized with those big bazooms. But, then, in many respects Jane Russell is the typical Christian of the sort her Savior regularly trucked with--abundant in flaws and contradictions and occasionally even manifold sins, all the while seeking forgiveness and keeping the faith. She is no stylish showbiz convert; she grew up speaking in tongues, and as early as 1950 the phrase "born again" was being applied to her in print. She also never forgets that the one time in her life when she turned her back on God was, coincidentally or not, the time she had her only pregnancy and her only abortion.


"During that time I was going to do it my way," she says, "and He jerked me up in a hurry when I let Him down. I learned that without faith I'd do anything that came into my head. And a lot can come into my head." She smiles at herself, at her imperfections.

She read to Deford the scripture about the prized woman from Proverbs:

"The afternoon sun filters into the room where the full-figured woman is still standing and reading. 'Her children arise up and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praiseth her,' she says. 'Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain: but a woman that feareth the Lord, she shall be praised.'"

"She smiles again over her glasses. That's the kind of stuff they never gave Jane Russell to do on the screen."

Survivors include her children, Thomas K. Waterfield, Tracy Foundas and Robert "Buck" Waterfield, six grandchildren and 10 great-grandchildren.

A public funeral is scheduled March 12 at 11 a.m. at Pacific Christian Church in Santa Maria, Calif.

In lieu of flowers the family asks that donations be made in her name to either the Care Net Pregnancy and Resource Center of Santa Maria or the Court Appointed Special Advocates of Santa Barbara County.

Herald Staff Writer Chuck Haga contributed to this report.

Jane Russell (2008)
In this Feb. 24, 2008 file photo, actress Jane Russell arrives at the 80th Academy Awards at the Kodak Theatre in Los Angeles. A family member on Monday, Feb. 28, 2011 said Russell, stunning star of 1940s and 1950s films, has died at age 89. (AP Photo/Kevork Djansezian, File)

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